History of Table Tennis
In the development of Table Tennis the following are significant milestones:
1880s Adaptation of lawn tennis to the dining table with improvised equipment.
1890s Several patents registered in England, for example, Ping Pong and Whiff-Waff were sold with simple rules.
1900 Development of celluloid balls to replace rubber and cork ones.
1901 Table Tennis Association and rival Ping-Pong Associations formed in England, and the first books on the game were published.
1926 International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) initiated in Berlin. First World Championships held in London. The Constitution and Laws of the game adopted at the First ITTF Congress, also held in London. The English Table Tennis Association inaugurated and constituted.
1929 Fred Perry (England) became World Champion.
1935 The 9th Congress agreed to delete from the ITTF Constitution all references to the words “amateur” and “professional” and to substitute “player”.
1937 To encourage attacking play:
i) the net was lowered from 6.75in to 6in (17.2cm to 15.24cm)
ii) a time limit of twenty minutes for each game was imposed
iii) finger spin was prohibited
1949/51 Johnny Leach (England) became World Champion and was later awarded an MBE.
1950s The emergence of sponge sandwich bats.
1953 England won the Swaythling Cup (World Men’s Team Championship).
1957 European Table Tennis Union inaugurated in Stockholm, Sweden.
1958 The first European Championships held in Budapest, Hungary.
1961 Expedite system adopted by ITTF.
1967 The European League competition inaugurated.
1970s The emergence of the combination bat, i.e. anti-loop, and long pimples.
1971 Western teams invited to tour China for the first time, and the concept of “Ping Pong” diplomacy came into being.
1972 Period of experimentation with yellow balls.
1976 Permanent secretariat of the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) set up in St Leonards-on-Sea, England.
Jill Hammersley (England) became European Champion.
1977 The 34th World Championships held in Birmingham. The ITTF received formal declaration of its recognition by the
International Olympic Committee (IOC).
1978 Jill Hammersley awarded an MBE.
1979 First European Championships for paraplegics (wheelchair players) held in Stoke Mandeville, England.
1980 John Hilton (England) became European Champion.
1981 Table Tennis admitted into the Olympic Programme (84th session IOC).
1982 The first World Veterans’ Championships held in Gothenburg, Sweden. First World Championships for the Disabled held in Stoke
1985 Racket coverings restricted to black and bright red, and prize money limit removed (38th Congress).
1987 Desmond Douglas (England) European Top twelve champion and awarded an MBE.
1988 Table Tennis featured in the Olympic Games (Seoul, South Korea).
1990 The Chinese player, Chen Xinhua, former World No.4 selected to represent England.
1992 Jan-Ove Waldner, reputed to be the first Table Tennis millionaire, became Olympic Champion.
1994 The 19th European Championships held in Birmingham at the National Indoor Arena.
1995 Record number of countries represented at World Championships in China.
1996 Jan-Ove Waldner of Sweden secured the European Men's Singles title making him the only player to have won
singles titles at Olympics, World and European Championships.
1997 South Africa back into Commonwealth and World Table Tennis Championships.
1998 Lisa Lomas, England's leading female player of the decade, retired from competitive play.
1999 World Championships to be hosted in Belgrade postponed because of war in the former Yugoslavia.
BREF HISTORIQUE OF HAITIAN TABLE TENNIS
⦁ Avant 1960 : Quasi inexistant
⦁ 1960-1975 : Pratique Élitiste par quelques privilégiés, et quelques corps (Forces Armées d’Haïti, Faculté de Médecine...)
⦁ 1975-1995 : Démocratisation de la Pratique – Notamment avec l'ouverture de clubs en milieu défavorisé (l'un des Pionniers est l'Actuel SGA (Éric VALBRUN), qui a constitué le premier réservoir de talents, - approche reprise par le Club Prestige de Coach Ciseley JOSEPH, actuel pourvoyeur de Talents en Tennis de Table.- Toutefois, pratique limitée aux trois premières villes: Port-au-Prince, Cap-Haïtien, et Les Cayes
⦁ 1995-2012 : Pratique en Récession, notamment par une mainmise du Sport par une Famille – Utilisation à des Fins Personnelles des équipements reçus de l'ITTF.- Toutefois, Ciseley JOSEPH, ancien champion national a repris à son compte l’approche de M. VALBRUN dans son Club Prestige, actuel pourvoyeur de Talents en Tennis de Table haïtien. Ouverture limitée à la province.-
⦁ 2012-Présent : Élection d’une nouvelle équipe à la Fédération, après un intérim de 6 mois